## What are American Odds

One of the three ways of specifying betting odds is the **American odds**, also called **US odds**. The other two are Decimal odds and Fractional odds. Two prominent and significant features that distinguish **American odds** from the other two are: one, they are preceded by a plus (+) or a minus (-) sign, and two, their values are always greater than or equal to 100. These signs placed before American odds are *NOT mathematical signs;* they are simply symbols that indicate, as will be seen shortly, whether winnings are more than or less than stakes.

Whenever there is a bet to be placed on an event between two contestants, such as a sports match between two teams, the first thing that has to be considered is if the two contestants are of equal strength, or if one of them is more favored to win the match than the other. The first case is known as *Evens* betting and each one is assigned similar odds. If one of the teams is a *favorite* and the other the *underdog*, then the odds assigned to the favorite is called *Odds-on*, and that to the underdog *Odds-against*.

Unlike the other two odds specification methods, American odds explicitly distinguish whether winnings are less than or more than the stakes; and that is exactly the purpose of the + and – signs as will be seen in the definitions below. Consequently, there is one definition of American odds for each of the two cases.

## Definitions of American Odds

The definitions of each are listed below together with how to calculate the *winnings* and the *pay-outs* of a bet. *Winnings* are what the bettor wins with a certain *stake* (*wager*), while *pay-outs* are the total amount paid to the winner. Obviously, *pay-outs are winnings plus stakes*.**Negative American Odds** are representations of how much to wager in order to *win* $100.

For example, odds of -150 mean that in order to *win* $100, the wager must be $150.

Negative American Odds are used when winnings are less than stakes, which is normally the case of a favorite team.

Winning = Stake * 100/negative American Odds

Pay-out = Stake * (100/negative American Odds + 1)

= Winning + Stake

**Positive American Odds** are representations of how much the *winnings* will be when $100 are wagered.

For example, odds of +150 mean that $150 will be *won*, when $100 are wagered.

Positive American Odds are used when winnings are more than stakes, which is normally the case of a underdog team.

Winning = Stake * positive American Odds/100

Pay-out = Stake * (positive American Odds/100 + 1)

= Winning + Stake

## Some Common American Odds Examples

### American Odds for Evens Betting

The simplest case of betting is when the betting is between friends (fair bet) and when the two teams, say, team A and team B, are competitive. In this case since no sportsbook commission is involved you bet $1 to win $1. And the odds are given as, Team A : +100

Team B : -100

The + an – signs have no significance here. You can even put both as + or both as -.

However, if the bets are placed through a sportsbook, although both teams are equally strong, because of the commission involved, the winnings will be less than the stakes for both teams. Usually, sportsbooks present these odds as 110 or 111, thus,

Team A : -110

Team B : -110

If you bet $30 on either team, using the formula given above, you’ll win $30*100/110 = $27.27, and with your wager, the pay-out would be $57.27.

### American Odds for Moneyline Betting

If there is a disparity of strength between the two teams, one of them will certainly be favored over the other. In the US, Moneyline is betting without point spreads. There is nothing special about it; it is just a win or lose betting. For example, odds of a match between teams C and D may be specified as, Team C : -375

Team D : +280

If you bet $30 on team C, using the formula of – odds given above, you’ll win $30*100/375 = $8.00, and with your wager, the pay-out would be $38.00.

If you bet $30 on team D, using the formula of + odds given above, you’ll win $30*280/100 = $84.00, and with your wager, the pay-out would be $114.00.

Note that if no commissions were involved, the odds would have been -300 and +300, respectively, for team C and team D

### American Odds for Point-spread Betting

Point-spread is a way of equalizing the odds of two non-equal teams by introducing a handicap. As demonstrated in the above example, there will be very little to be gained by betting on the favorite team C, and a lot by betting on the underdog. Bettors will usually stay away from such bets since it is a risky bet in either case, plus it will be a lot of loss for the sportsbook if team D wins. To overcome this, a handicap of, say 5 points, will be introduced so that both odds would be equal as in the case of evens. Such odds may be specified as, Team C : +5 -110

Team D : -5 -110

In this case, if you bet on team C, you’ll win the bet if team C wins or even if it loses by less than 5 points. If you bet on team D, you’ll win the bet if team D wins by more than 5 points; if team D wins by by 4 points, yes, you have correctly predicted the winner, but it hasn’t “*covered the spread*” and you lose. If team D wins by exactly 5 points, it will be a push, and the wager will will be returned to the bettors.

## Conversion of American Odds to Decimal and Fractional Odds

The easiest way to convert odds is to use an odds conversion table. However, since such tables may not be always available, the bettor has to memorize the following steps of conversion from American odds to Decimal and Fractional odds.

### To convert from American Odds to Decimal Odds

Obviously, we have to consider the cases of – odds and + odds.

- In the case of – odds,
**divide 100 by the American odds and add 1**. For example, to convert the American odds of -375 to Decimal, 100/375 + 1 = 1.27. - In the case of + odds,
**divide the American odds by 100 and add 1**. For example, to convert the American odds +280 to Decimal, 280/100 + 1 = 3.8.

### To convert from American Odds to Fractional Odds

Again, we have to consider the cases of – odds and + odds.

- In the case of – odds, just write in the form
**100/American**, and simplify if you can. For example, the American odds of -375 will be 100/375, and after simplification, 4/15. - In the case of + odds, just write in the form
**American/100**, and simplify if you can. For example, American odds of +280 will be 280/100, and after simplification, 14/5.