Cross country skiing brings to mind the snowy slopes of the Alps, powder snow and clear, still environs. Cross country skiing is a passion with those who find it exhilarating to battle against the formidable slopes and pit their skills against the raw power of the steep and snowy mountain slopes. This sport is also a recreational avenue for those seeking a Lake Tahoe skiing holiday. Alpine skiing differs from conventional crosscountry skiing. Read on to find out the history of skiing.
Cross country skiing
The history of cross country skiing goes back about 5,000 years. Cross country skiing has its roots in the snowy slopes of Norway from where it spread to Scandinavia and Russia. Cross country skiing originally meant one technique – diagonal stride. In this form of crosscountry skiing, both skis stay in prepared tracks. Cross country skiers apply wax on the bottom of each ski. Kick wax used in cross country skiing helps the skier in gaining a grip on uphill sections whereas glide wax helps in propelling the skier through downhill sections or flat terrain.
Bill Koch of the U.S popularized the freestyle cross country skiing style. This crosscountry skiing technique is one where skiers use a trackless course except where there are tricky turns or transitional sections.
Cross country skiing is one of the best aerobic fitness activities. Cross country skiing involves the simultaneous use of arms and legs and utilizing ski equipment. The main difference between crosscountry skiing and alpine skiing is that the skier is attached to the ski only with the toe of the boot in cross country skiing whereas his entire foot is attached to the ski in alpine skiing. Cross country skiing as the name indicates, involves traversing all terrain.
Cross country skiing
Cross country skiing equipment should ideally cater to the adventurous skier who cruises slopes and treks through the woods. Cross country skiing tests every faculty and provides exercise for every muscle. Cross country skiing needs clothes that move with the skier in every action and under any condition. Stretch fabrics have a relaxed and versatile capacity that is suited for cross country skiing. Breathability and high weather resistance are important features that mark out good cross country skiing wear. Good ski boots are essential for cross country skiing. The choice of ski boots would depend on your total number of ski days per season.
Your snow skiing gear should comprise bindings, gloves, eyewear, hats or helmets, poles, packs and bags. Snow skiing is also a popular family holiday destination. If you are snow skiing with small children, don’t forget to clothe them in layers and get the helmets on. Insist on assistance when you are on a snow skiing holiday and taking a skiing course with kids. You can buy equipment at ski-swaps and special equipment retailers to limit your expenses when on a snow skiing course.
Lake Tahoe skiing
Lake Tahoe skiing has a variety of ski resorts that offer powder snow or alpine meadows. The open meadows provide a large area at Lake Tahoe for skiing. Lake Tahoe is fast becoming a family skiing resort providing a variety of skiing oriented programs for all age groups. Lake Tahoe skiing at a ski resort would surely turn out to be an enjoyable experience for the whole family. There are facilities at Lake Tahoe for skiing lessons for the kids too.
Extreme skiing or speed skiing is among the fastest non-motorized sports on earth. Extreme skiing involves racing past fear and terminal velocity with the heightened excitement caused by the risk factor. Extreme skiing requires use of protective gear. Back protection in the form of fire retardant high-density foam back protection is essential for extreme skiing in France. Boots with boot fairings and bindings are necessary for extreme skiing. Poles, gloves, wax; speed ski helmet and boot bags are other necessary gear when on an extreme skiing expedition.
Alpine skiing exists in various forms. Alpine skiing involves the use of gravity to travel down slopes. Pair of poles used for initiating turns and pushing along the flat surface as well as a pair of skis with bindings that fix the boot rigidly to the ski are the key equipment in alpine skiing. Alpine skiing involves use of mechanical uplift to move to the top of the slopes.
Majority of the world’s resorts are designed towards alpine skiing as it makes for the largest snow sport in the world. Persons of all age groups and abilities can attempt alpine skiing. Alpine skiing is all about controlling your speed and direction and choosing runs that are ideally suited for your skill and ability levels. Alpine skiing became part of the Olympic programme in 1936 and began as a men’s and ladies combined event.
World cup skiing
The FSI World Cup for skiing is an exclusive trophy manufactured solely for the International Ski Federation. The World Cup for skiing for Alpine skiing events is to be held at St. Moritz for ladies and Val Gardena/Groeden for men. The crosscountry skiing events in the World Cup for skiing are to be held in Ramsau. Both these World Cup skiing events are scheduled for December 2003.
There are about 12 to 16 individual competitions and 6 to 8 relays as part of the FIS World Cup for skiing. Other than the FIS World Cup for skiing, the Continental Caps, FIS level, junior and National Championships are also conducted.
History of skiing
The history of skiing began with the Norwegians, who used skis as a method of hunting across snow-covered terrain. Winter transportation was what skiing originally started out to be. The history of skiing also has traces to the start of the twentieth century when it was an elite preoccupation in the few mountain resorts of the European Alps. In a few years, skiing ceased to be restricted to these resorts and became a popular winter sport. The history of skiing took a great leap forward when it was introduced in the Olympics of 1936. Gretchen Fraser was the first woman skiing champion to win an Olympic medal. Her book chronicles her pioneering work in using skiing as a part of rehabilitation as well as the development of disabled skiing.