Health

Impulse Control Disorders

Impulse Control Disorders

Summary Impulse control disorders involve the inability to resist certain urges. These strong, sudden impulses can lead to serious consequences such as physical injury, arrest and imprisonment. People with impulse control disorders continue to engage in the harmful behavior despite the negative consequences.   Substance abuse is an example of a common impulse control disorder. However, …

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Hypochondria

Hypochondria

Also called: Hypochondriasis, Hypochondriacal Paranoia Summary Hypochondria (hypochondriasis) is a somatoform disorder in which a person fears that real or imagined physical or mental symptoms indicate the presence of a serious underlying illness. These anxieties usually persist despite medical evidence to the contrary. Patients with hypochondria often become obsessed with worry over bodily functions, minor physical …

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Self Injury

Self Injury – Causes, Signs and Symptoms

Also called: Self Injurious Behavior, Self Harm, Self Abuse Summary Self-injury is any intentional act that causes harm to one’s own body for the purpose of emotional relief. Self-injury can involve a variety of behaviors, including cutting, burning, scratching, biting, pinching, hitting, head-banging and hair-pulling. Tattoos and body piercings are not typically considered self-injury. The …

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Paranoia

Paranoia – Causes, symptoms

Also called: Paranoid Disorder Summary Paranoia is a term used to describe feelings of suspicion or mistrust by an individual that are either highly exaggerated or completely unwarranted. For example, people with paranoia may believe that others are plotting against them. People who are paranoid often have feelings of exaggerated sense of self-importance and believe that …

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Fainting

Fainting & Emotional Disorders

Summary Fainting (syncope) is a sudden and brief loss of consciousness. In some cases, the person both faints and falls to the ground (“passes out”). There are several potential causes of fainting, but the most common is a brief drop in the blood supply to the brain. People with mental disorders such as specific phobias, …

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Cutting

Cutting – Causes, Signs and symptoms

Summary Cutting involves making repeated, intentional wounds to one’s own skin with a sharp instrument. It is the most common form of self-injury, and is different from a suicide attempt because there is no intent to die. Cutting may be performed in an attempt to reduce emotional tension. The person performing the act may believe there …

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Psychiatric Evaluation

Psychiatric Evaluation

Summary Psychiatric evaluations are meetings between a mental health professional (e.g., psychiatrist, psychologist) and a child, adolescent or adult  in which the professional tries to glean information necessary to diagnose an emotional, behavioral or developmental disorder. The major feature of a psychiatric evaluation is one or more face-to-face interviews in which the mental health professional asks the patient open-ended and diagnosis-specific questions to …

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Lab Tests

Lab Tests & Emotional Disorders

Summary Laboratory (lab)  tests are procedures in which a sample of fluid, tissue or bone is taken from the body and analyzed in a laboratory for signs of diseases. Lab tests are often used to rule out certain disorders associated with symptoms that mimic those of mental illness. In other cases, they may be used …

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Codependency

Codependency – Causes, Signs and Symptoms

Also called: Codependent Behavior Summary Codependency is a pattern of behavior in which people appear to place the needs of others before their own needs. As a result, codependent people may have difficulty forming healthy and balanced relationships. Instead, they tend to get close to other people who have  addictions or mental health problems that …

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Depression

Depression in Older Adults – Causes, Signs and Symptoms

Also called: Depression in Elderly Summary Depression is a mental health disorder of serious concern in older adults. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), an estimated two million of the nearly 35 million Americans over the age of 65 years have some form of diagnosable depression. An additional five million of these individuals have …

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