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Horse bet: explanation & terms

Generally speaking, there are many different technical terms in the sports betting world from sport to sport.

Vocabulary is even more specific when it comes to horse betting.

The most important horse betting terms at a glance:

termExplanation
A-BahnThe highest prize money is awarded on A-Bahn trains
B-BahnThe price money on B-lanes is lower and there are fewer race days
DerbyClassic race distance – 1.5 miles or 2.4 kilometers
Flat raceSimplest form of racing, there are no obstacles on the track
jockeyHorseman rider
Maidentranslates “virgin” and means that only horses that have never raced before will compete in this race
NAPTerm for “expert tip” (often found under the heading “day tip”)
RacecardList of the current shape of the horse based on clear statistics
Sulkya team drawn by the horse (only for harness racing)
TotalizerQuota that is influenced solely by the tipsters. 1 percent of betting stakes are distributed to horse owners and breeders
Dead heatalso called “dead heat” – when two or more horses cross the finish line ex aequo. The quota is then halved or divided by the number of horses involved

Difference between gallop and harness racing?

Horse racing distinguishes between two different disciplines – the gallop and the harness racing:

Gallop races are the classic form of horse betting. Since the “gallop” is the fastest gait in horses, these races are basically carried out without obstacles. In professional jargon, gallop races, which are mainly contested by thoroughbred horses, are therefore also called “flat” races.

Horse racing tracks have lengths of 1800 to 2900 m.

Harness racing is much more technical, it depends more on the interaction between jockey and horse, since these races are usually equipped with obstacles, which means that jumps and the like also occur. Important: The trot gait must be used for harness racing.

Trotting tracks have track lengths of around 1000 m.

Horse betting rules: what should be considered?

As the list of horse betting terms above shows, horse betting has its own laws and terms. They can also be clearly differentiated in their bet types from the rest of the sports betting range.

So anyone who has previously dealt with sports betting in football, tennis, handball, for example, must prepare to immerse themselves in a completely new world with horse betting.

The greatest relationship is shown, in addition to dog racing, with motorsport: Since this also has the race as a form of competition, similar types of betting, such as the place bet, are used.

With regard to the practice of horse betting, one thing should definitely be considered:

Different regulations may apply from country to country (for pool bets that are conveyed to the racetracks), from horse betting providers to horse betting sites and also from race to race.

For example, it can depend on the number of starters whether a certain betting offer comes about – and the number of starters required in turn varies from country to country.

It is therefore important to take a look at the Racecard before betting!

What is a race card?

A race card contains a statistical listing of the shape of the horse. This data is often even enhanced by the success of the jockey and the coaching team.

The more detailed the Racecard, the more precisely you can analyze horse and jockey for their qualities. A race card contains numbers and letters.

Explanation of the Racecard:

  • 1-9: Placement of the horse in the respective races
  • 0: the horse ended up in the top nine
  • P: Pulled Up (the horse ended the race early)
  • R: Refusal (the horse was rejected by the jury)
  • Q: Fall (the horse fell)
  • B: Brought Down
  • U: Unseated Ride (arrived at the finish line without jockey)
  • -: New year
  • /: Session change

Types of bets in horse racing: How does horse betting work?

The betting offer at horse races is huge. As a newcomer to horse betting, you should not be put off by this.

At first glance, a lot of things sound more complicated than they actually are. The nice thing about horse betting is the variety: there is a suitable tip for everyone who is interested.

Horse betting fans therefore do not necessarily only have to tap the winner, but have many other different horse betting types available.

All horse betting types at a glance

Bet typeExplanation
victoryBet on the winner of the race
spaceThe horse must be first, second or third, with fewer than seven starters first or second
ItaThe horse must be second for the bet to win
TritaThe horse must occupy 3rd place for this bet to win
Double betThe correct order of the horses in places 1 and 2 must be predicted
Triple betThe first three places must be predicted in the correct order
twinSimplified form of two-way bet – the order of the two horses does not matter
Space twinTwo of the first three horses placed can be guessed. It doesn’t matter which horse is in the top three and where
TripletsThe three selected horses must be in the top 3, the order of which is insignificant
2 out of 4It is bet on two horses, which must be among the first four horses for the bet to win
Head to headBet on the winner of a duel between two horses in direct comparison
PlacepotFrom the first six races, a placed horse must always be correctly typed in order to win in the end
TOP6The winners of six races of the day have to be predicted

Explanation of horse betting types in detail

→ Win (Win) :

This is the “classic” among horse bets: With this type of bet, the winner of the race is tapped directly.

→ Place (Place) :

The bet is made that the selected horse achieves a placement.

The horse bet must be first, second or third in order for the bet to win.

Depending on the nation and number of starters, different provisions apply with regard to “what” is a placement or “who” is considered to be placed:

The first two, three or even the first four horses that cross the finish line can be placed according to the rules, provided that the necessary number of starters is available.

In some countries (especially those with an English betting tradition), a distinction is made between the bet types Place and Show:

There the bet on a placement under the first two horses is then carried out under the title “Place”, while the placement among the first three horses is considered a “Show”.

→ Sieg-Platz (Win-Place / Each Way , also written as E / W) :

This single bet is a double bet, which combines the bet types win and place: you bet on your personal favorites.

If the horse wins, both parts (victory and place) go up, if the horse achieves at least one placement, only part of the bet goes up.

In both cases, a profit can be achieved, the amount of the profit being determined analogously to the success either from the advertised betting odds or, if there is no victory but at least one placement, from a split rate.

Again, it is important to study the betting rules in advance as to whether the first two, three or four horses are considered placed.

Win-Place-Show (Across the Board) : is an extension of the Win-Place-Show bet – it is expanded by one option (show). The horse typed must finish first, second or third.As with the victory-place bet, the payout depends on which place the horse locks up (for Win there is more than for Place and for Place there is more than for Show).

→ Ita

The horse that was bet on must be second for the bet to win. This bet is possible if at least four horses start the race.

→ Trita

The horse bet must take 3rd place for this bet to win. However, at least eight horses must start with this type of bet.

→ Two-bet (Exakta / Perfekta / Forecast / Straight Forecast)

The two-up bet, also called the entry bet, is bet on two horses. In contrast to the twin bet, you have to go first and second in the correct order so that the bet wins.

→ Three-way bet (Tricast / Trifecta / Trio / Tiercé / Treble Forecast)

In a three-way bet (large entry), the first three horses must be predicted in the correct order of their finish. Winning this bet is extremely difficult, but the winnings are accordingly high.

→ Twin (Quinella / Tvilling / Reversed Forecast)

Even in the case of the twin, the horses that reach the finish in the first two (twin) or the finish must be predicted, but the order in which the two horses finish does not matter.

→ Place twin (Place Quinella)

This type of bet – a further development of the “Zwiling” bet type – occurs when two of the first three placed horses can be guessed.

For the positive evaluation of the bet, it does not matter which of the two horses entered which of the three placements.

So there are three constellations that mean a win: if the two selected horses finish first and second, first and third or second and third.

With this type of bet, three odds are usually advertised, which are used depending on the outcome:

If the typed horses complete first and second, then the first odds, if they close first and third, then the second odds, if they complete second and third, the third odds are used as multipliers.

→ three of a kind

In the case of three-of-a-kind betting, the three selected horses must finish in the top three, regardless of their order. Eight horses must start the race at least in order to make treble bets.

→ 2 out of 4

It is bet on two horses, which must be among the first four horses for the bet to win. The order of their placement doesn’t matter.

Unlike the space twin, there is only one quota. At least ten horses must start.

→ Head-to-head bet:

With this type of bet, two (or more) are selected from the pool of registered starters by the betting site and compared in a betting offer.

It is to be typed which of the horses mentioned crosses the finish line first. When settling the bet, a horse can also count as “first” if it has not achieved a victory in the actual race.

It is only essential that it has broken in before the other horse (or horses) mentioned in the bet.

→ Placepot:

This type of bet is mainly offered at English horse races.

From the first six races, a placed horse must always be correctly typed in order to win in the end.

→ TOP6

In this bet, the correct winners must be guessed in six predetermined or successive races.

→ Stable bet:

The stable bet is not strictly a bet type.

This is because it does not designate the condition of how a selected starter has to end the race, but it designates the starter or rather the group of starters on which the bet is placed:

Instead of a specific horse, the bet is on a specific stable, and thus on all horses that compete for the same stable in a race.

Stable bets can be offered for different types of bets (win, place, …).

Push bet: The combined bet of horse bets

De facto (also called battery bet or wager connection) a sliding bet the same as a combination bet .

One and the same system for horse racing and all other sports is simply listed under a different name.

The following applies to both: (1) a bet is defined for a (2) selection of at least two individual tips, which (3) must all be paid for the bet to be won. The winning amount is (4) determined by multiplying the bet amount and odds of all individual tips. Combined, tips on different events and from different types of bets can be combined.

However, the sliding bet is displayed and described in a different way than the combination bet, namely with regard to the time factor:

The bet win from the first bet is defined as the bet for the second , etc., whereby the “first” the one that relates to the race that will be reimbursed, etc.

Sometimes the tips are also sorted by type of bet, but in this case the betting regulations provide information.

Because the profit from one tip is “pushed” to another tip for which he places the bet, the bet is called a push bet.

At the end of the settlement, there is also nothing else for the push bet, but the multiplication of the original bet with the individual odds.

Since the commutative law (= exchange rule) applies in multiplication, the arrangement of multiplicand / multiplier for the product from the invoice, i.e. the amount of the winnings, is irrelevant.

Slide and combination bets therefore pay the same for the same odds and wager. The only thing that distinguishes the push bet from the combination bet is a few special provisions.

It is common, for example, that if a bet is made on a non-starter, the corresponding tip is rated with odds 1.00.

There are also some special forms of push bets, where only partial amounts are “pushed on”.

Here the sliding system also makes “sense” in the sense that the evaluation is influenced:

If the betting customer retains a small sum from each successful individual bet and only pushes a part forward as a bet, this has two possible consequences:

Should (1) all the individual tips work out, the total winnings from the push bet will be lower, but if (2) only the first or the first tips work out, the betting customer has nevertheless received a small amount of money from the push bet.

Horse betting tips for beginners

In the truest sense of the word, horse racing should not start at full speed right from the start, but should first approach the (new) matter wisely.

After all, horse betting is a slightly different – and perhaps more complex – matter than betting on football or tennis games.

3 tips for successful horse betting

1. Statistics & Analysis:

In no other sport is it as important to have a look at the statistics before placing a bet as with horse betting.

How did the horse do in the last races? And don’t forget: how good is the jockey in shape?

Horse betting experts believe that jockey performance accounts for around 40 (!) Percent of the bottom line. That means: The statistics of the jockey are also to be considered!

Facts such as the length of the race or the surface of the track are also important for the race analysis. In the case of racing series, care should be taken to determine which favorite with which “overweight” has to start.

In addition, an attempt should be made to analyze the starter’s schedule.

Every now and then, the trainers send their protégés onto the train only for testing and preparation purposes – for example, if a highly endowed seasonal highlight is on the program in the near future.

Then it can happen, let the jockeys pull the reins a little in the preparation races in the last few meters.

Note: The competitions are divided into categories I to V and the value can also be recognized from the financial endowment.

2. Choosing the right bet:

It is not easy for beginners to choose the right horse bet. Simply because there are so many different types of bets.

Beginners should not recommend the classic winning bet, but the head-to-head bet. Only two horses are compared, regardless of the specific end result.

This betting option has the advantage for beginners that not all information about the race has to be gathered, but basically only those statistics of the two selected horses.

The direct comparison is much easier to calculate.

This strategy could be worthwhile for advanced horse betting tipsters: If a run is completely predictable, the selected starter should be bet several times in order to obtain protection on the one hand and maximize profits on the other.

  • Victory: € 10 with a odds of 5.0
  • Ita: € 10 with a odds of 4.0
  • Trita: € 10 with a odds of 2.5

3. Time of placing a bet:

Since a horse’s chances of success depend on many different factors, it is not always easy for bookmakers to set realistic odds. This often happens shortly before the start of the race.

For the placement of the horse bet this means: never place too early!

The most important horse races in the world

There are basically horse races every day. Be it in Great Britain or in the USA. It is therefore also possible to place horse bets on a daily basis.

But even in this sheer countless number, a handful of events stand out. They are the ones who are well known for horse racing – like the Royal Ascot or the Kentucky Derby.

But there are many more traditional and highly endowed horse races. Here is a small, compact overview.

Overview of the main horse races

Grand National

placesinceStagingType / lengthPeculiarity
Liverpool (ENG)1836in AprilObstacle / 4.5 milesHandicap races

The Grand National – originally the Grand National Hunt Handicap Horse Race – is the most important obstacle race in equestrian sport.

It is one of the races with the highest stakes and best prize money worldwide.

The Grand National, which was held for the first time in 1836, takes place every year on the first Saturday in April at Aintree Racecourse in Liverpool.

Two laps with a total length of 7.2 km (4.5 miles) have to be completed and 30 obstacles (14 of them twice) have to be overcome.

The race will be held as a handicap – this means that the participating horses will carry different weights depending on their relative performance to date.

The Royal Ascot

placesinceStagingType / lengthPeculiarity
Ascot (ENG)1807in JuneFlat race / 4.2 milesHorse racing for standing

Every year in June, the prestigious and historic Royal Ascot Race Meeting takes place on the Ascot Racecourse. It was founded by Queen Anne in 1711 and is at the heart of all horse racing events in England.

The four-day meeting offers a total of 24 races.

The third day of the race week is considered the most important day of the event. On this day the Ascot Gold Cup takes place, which has been held since 1807.

The Gold Cup runs over a distance of 4,022 m (2.4 miles) and is considered the most important horse race in England.

The Gold Cup race day is also known as Ladies’ Day, on which female visitors wear particularly extravagant hats.

Kentucky Derby
The Kentucky Derby was first held in 1875 and is one of the most important horse races in the world.

Kentucky Derby

placesinceStagingType / lengthPeculiarity
Louisville (USA)1875in MayFlat race / 1.25 milesDirt topping

At the end of May, the two-week Kentucky Derby Festival takes place annually at Churchill Downs Racecourse, in which the legendary Kentucky Derby naturally plays the leading role.

It forms the prelude to the Triple Crown of the USA and is one of the most important thoroughbred races in the USA. It covers a distance of 1.25 miles (2,012 m).

This race, also called Run for the Roses because the winner is showered with roses, was first run in 1875 and spans the distance of 1.25 miles (2,012 m).

Since 2013, the participants in the Kentucky Derby have been determined using a newly introduced points system. The four best placed horses from 36 qualification races each receive points.

The twenty horses with the most points at the end are eligible to start in the Kentucky Derby.

Cheltenham Gold Cup

placesinceStagingType / lengthPeculiarity
Cheltenham (ENG)1860in MarchSteeplechase / 3.25 milesat least 5 year old horses

Gloucestershire is the home of the famous racing festival – the prestigious Cheltenham Festival .

The event took place for the first time in 1860 and was originally scheduled for three days. It has taken four days since 2006 and there are 28 races in total.

Several Group 1 races are held each year – including the Champion Hurdle, the Queen Mother Champion Chase and the Stayers’ Hurdle.

For fans of horse betting, the Cheltenham Gold Cup is of greater importance at this event.

Melbourne Cup

placesinceStagingType / lengthPeculiarity
Melbourne (AUS)1861in NovemberFlat race / 2.0 milesHandicap races

The Melbourne Cup was held for the first time in 1861, and not only the most highly valued horse race in Australia and Oceania, but also the most highly valued long-distance race in the world.

The total prize money for the Melbourne Cup is approximately 7.3 million Australian dollars, of which a good half goes to the winner.

“The race that stops a nation”, in which thoroughbreds from 3 years of age run, takes place every year during the Australian spring on the first Tuesday in November at Flemington Racecourse in the north of Melbourne in front of over 100,000 spectators.

The race, on a 3.2 km long flat course on grass, belongs to Group I and has been held as a handicap race since 1861.

Dubai World Cup

placesinceStagingType / lengthPeculiarity
Dubai (UAE)1996in NovemberFlat Race / 1.24 milesHandicap races

Compared to many other traditional horse races, the Dubai World Cup is a very young race. The race took place for the first time in 1996.

Since then, the race for 3-year-old and older thoroughbreds has been held annually at the Meydan Racecourse in Dubai over a medium distance of 2000 meters at the Meydan Racecourse in Dubai at the end of March / beginning of April.

For a long time, it was the most highly endowed horse race in the world with prize money of $ 12 million until it was surpassed by the Pegasus World Cup in 2017.

Pegasus World Cup

placesinceStagingType / lengthPeculiarity
Florida (USA)2017in JanuaryFlat race / 1.20 milesat least 4 year old horses

The Pegasus World Cup is an American thoroughbred horse race that was first held on January 28, 2017 at Gulfstream Park in Hallandale Beach, Florida.

The flat race of Grupper I for horses that are four years and older is carried out on a sand track over a distance of 1800m.

The race owes its name to the statue of a winged horse, a Pegasus from Greek mythology.

With a $ 12 million win for the first edition in 2017 , the Pegasus World Cup surpassed the Dubai World Cup as the world’s most prestigious horse race.

Prix ​​de l’Arc de Triomphe

placesinceStagingType / lengthPeculiarity
Longchamp (FRA)1920in OctoberFlat Race / 1.49 milesRighthanded Course

The Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe is one of the most important horse races in Europe and was first held in 1920.

The race – popularly simply called “Arc” – is run in Longchamp over 2400 meters and is open to horses from the age of three.

Whoever wins the title here is practically the world champion in gallop.

It is currently the second most valuable grass horse race after Everest in Australia.

Breeders Cup

placesinceStagingType / lengthPeculiarity
alternately in the USA1984in OctoberFlat race / variousfor thoroughbreds

The Breeders Cup is the highest-endowed American series of around 15 horse races. It has been held at various race courses since 1984 and includes around 25 million in prize money.

From 1984 to 2006 it was a one-day event. In 2007 everything was expanded to two days.

In this racing event, a total of seven Group I races take place. The most important is the Breeders Cup Classic – it is endowed with about $ 6 million in prize money.

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